About this site

Table of contents


Standards used

Most of the pages of this Web site have been written conforming to XHTML 5 or XHTML 1.1, which allows a backward compatibility with HTML browsers, having all the advantages of being valid XML 1.0.

CSS2 style sheets are used for the presentation (with a bit of CSS3); that could allow different viewing on computer screen, projectors, handheld, printers… or for impaired people.

Several pages already respect at least the conformance level A of the W3C Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, which promote accessibility for people with disabilities and more generally to all users, whatever browser and constraints they may have. The aim is also to help people to find information on the Web more quickly and make multimedia content more accessible to a wide audience.

Other HTML META and LINK tags are used for standard navigation (top, search, toc, help…) and other information (location…). More technical information can be found on my headers and META information in HTML documentation page.

Mozilla’s site navigation bar
Mozilla’s site navigation bar

I do my best not to delete nor move documents; but when it is necessary, the best HTTP codes (moved permanently, gone…) are used in order to redirect the request to the most relevant ressource or message. Have a look to my documentation about Web redirection with HTTP and HTML for more information.

JavaScript is absent on most pages, never used for presentation nor essential function but just when it is necessary (dynamic pages client side).

The choice of these standards, recommended by the W3C, confers to this web site one of the largest possible “viewability”, prepared for the future. The backward compatibility is good, even with text brothers, but a nicer result, with more functionality will be achieved with recent standard compliant browsers.

This Web site is under permanent evolution. Future versions are aimed to match all these standards even better, especially about accessibility.

Fill free to click on the pictures bellow to estimate the validity of my pages (a few cutting-edge features may be flaged as minor errors).

[XHTML 1.1]   [WAI-A]   |   [CSS 2]   |   [RDF]   [RSS/RDF]   [RSS 1.0]   |   [RDF]   [FoaF]  

Some of my pages have been tested for accessiblity with [Bobby AAA].

Network protocols

This Web site can be reached via IPv6 and HTTPS.

Automatic detection of your language

In some directories of this web site, like the root, or error pages, there is a system of detection of your languages (based on Apache negotiation) in order to give you the most relevant version of the page (French, English or Danish) when translations have been made.
This is based on the preferences of your browser, which should be well set up (with at least your native tongue, English and French).

Here are my own language preferences:

French/France [fr-FR]
French [fr]
English/United Kingdom [en-GB]
English [en]
Danish [da]

Translations of my Web pages are anyway always accessible via the standard navigation bar, and a national flag at the top of the page. More details are given on my headers and META information in HTML documentation page.

This web site is not “optimised” for any specific Web browser, but tries hard to conform to the W3C standards. Nevertheless, I verify as much as possible that the rendering is fine with the latest version of several browsers like Mozilla, Internet Explorer, Opera whatever the resolution of the screen and the size of the font, under Windows, Linux and Mac. (Mozilla 1.4, Opera 7 are fine; Internet Explorer 6 is okay but do not provide standard navigation nor CSS2 conformance).
I do not have much consideration for rendering in old browsers, as long as the accessibility is fine; nevertheless I do some efforts for browsers like Amaya 8.0 that are able to display something quite correct with some help in the CSS. I also check with the Lynx browser in text mode.

Search engines

Being correctly indexed by search engines is something important during the life of a web site; also I do my best to make their work more efficient. I follow Google’s guidelines and I do not use any kind of unfair tip top improve my ranking. This Web site is designed to achieve a good quality of utilisation by users, and not to be an optimal for search engines.

Details and tips of utilisation

Keyboard shortcuts

On some pages of this site, like the home page, some keyboard shortcuts are provided thanks to the accesskey attribute. They are working with digits (top of the keyboard, not the numeric pad), in combination with the [alt] key (example [alt]+[shift]+[3]). If you are on AZERTY keyboard, you have to press the [shift] key at the same time.

This Web site provides additional information in order to improve your navigation. Your browser might have its own way of showing them to you; nevertheless, if it is CSS2 compliant (it is not the case for Internet Explorer 6), you will be able to benefit from functionalities described here.

Normal link, internal

For you to compare, here is how a normal link should be displayed when your mouse is moving over it: internal normal link (red on white).

Link to another language

On this site, most of the links to pages written in a language (like French) different from the active page (like English) are giving this information thanks to the hreflang attribute. When your mouse is over a foreign link, it should be displayed like that: link to a French document (red on light pink).

Link outside this site

Conforming to the XHTML standards and accessibility recommendations, this site is not using the target attribute anymore. This means that links will be opened in the current window. Nevertheless, it can be interesting for you to know when you are leaving my site, therefore a link to another site should be displayed this way: link to a page out of this site (small triangle in the top right corner).

Your private life: storing information

This Web site, like most of others, stores information about each request. This information is the one transmitted during standard Internet navigation. A reverse DNS lookup is also done. Thanks to a database, the real name of your browser and your country are also known. This Web site is not using further techniques like cookies or session numbers, except on the page that explain how personal information can be detected.
So are stored your IP number, the date, the accessed page, the referring page, your browser, your DNS, your operating system and country.

One line of the .log file - - [08/Aug/2003:18:49:43 +0200] "GET /iut-info/ HTTP/1.1" 200 7594
"Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1; Q312461)" -
{ "IE" "6" "WinXP" - DK}

The last part, between {…} is a personal extension of ECLF standard.
In this example, it is possible to see that a Dane using WindowsXP and Internet Explorer 6 asked for “iut informatics montpellier” and have visited the corresponding page.

Lots of documents on this Web site are licensed under a Creative Commons licence. When it is the case, it is explicitly specified on the page; otherwise, documents are covered by the default French copyright rules.

Licence “CC BY-NC-SA (FR)”

Some documents are under a Creative Commons License: “Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 France”:

[Creative Commons License]

Licence allowing commercial reuse “CC BY-SA (FR)”

Some of the content of this site is under a less restrictive Creative Commons License: “Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 France”, which allows commercial use of the work. If so, this is explicitly written in those contents.

[Licence Creative Commons]